Die Templer und das Turiner Grabtuch

Es gibt eine ganze Reihe von Spekulationen über die Beziehungen des Templer- Ordens zum Turiner Grabtuch, das angeblich Christus direkt abbilden soll. Hier gibt es Daten zu einer aktuellen Ausstellung des Tuches durch den Malteser- Orden- einschließlich einer App zum genauen Betrachten am iPad.

Napier referiert die gängigen Theorien, wonach das Tuch im Verlaufe der Kreuzzüge zu den Templern gelangt und einem Teil ihrer Initiationsrituale geworden sein könnte. Interessant ist z.B. eine der unter Folter gemachten Aussagen, die durch eine Ermittlerin des Vatikan aufgebracht worden ist:

"There is additional evidence of the Knights Templar possessing the shroud. The Templars' secrecy rendered them vulnerable to accusations of heresy. The order, as we have seen, was suppressed in the 1300s and the brethren subjected to a widespread heresy trial. Confession were secured, often through torture by Inquisitors and royal agents, and were recorded by clerical notaries. The confessions described depraved induction rituals and the adoration of idols. Vatican researcher Barbara Frale has recently discovered another confession that stands apart and seems to support the idea that the Templars possessed the Holy Shroud itself. The deposition was that a French Templar named Arnaut Sabbatiere (or (or Sabatier), describing his initiation, which had taken place in 1287:

"(I was) shown a long piece of linen on which was impressed the figure of a man and told to worship it, kissing the feet three times," said the document."

Es gibt auch einen weiteren Beleg für einen solchen Zusammenhang, den Napier aufzeigt:
"Nonetheless, it is possible there was some Templar connection to the Turin Shroud. In 1357, as noted, the relic was in the possession of a noble called Geoffrey de Charney. Another, earlier Geoffrey de Charney had been the Templar Preceptor of Normandy. He was arrested alongside de Molay in 1307, and like him confessed to heresy. In 1314, when De Molay publicly retracted his confession, Geoffrey de Charney showed solidarity; and was burned with him at the stake by a vengeful King Philip IV on an island on the Seine. If the Geoffrey de Charney who was in possession of the Shroud in 1357 was a relative of the Preceptor of Normandy, his namesake, immolated in 1314, then a Templar connection seems a tennable proposition."

Es gibt auch ein Buch sicherlich spekulativer Art, das Napier aufführt, welches Verbindungen der Templer sowohl zum Essäer- Orden wie zu den Freimaurern sieht, vor allem aber suggeriert, das Turiner Tuch sei den Templern von den Inquisitoren, da dieses Tuch Teil der geheimen Initiationsriten der Templer gewesen sei, abgenommen worden: "Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas in their book 'The Hiram Key' propound the notion that the Knights Templar were both the heirs to the ancient Essene sect and the forerunners of the Freemasons. They wrote that the Templars revived an Essene ritual involving symbolic resurrection of the dead, and incorporated it into their secret initiation rites. (...)"

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